PCOD (Poly Cystic Ovarian Disease) or PCOS (Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome) is a disease characterized by multiple (‘poly’) cysts (small sacs filled with fluid) in the ovaries.
Patients with PCOD have abnormal levels of hormones that result in irregular menses, infertility and certain masculine changes in the body.
The cause of PCOS is not fully understood, but genetics may be a factor. PCOS seems to run in families, so your chance of having it is higher if other women in your family have it or have irregular periods or diabetes. PCOS can be passed down from either your mother’s or father’s side.
- Irregular menses (usually delayed)
- Weight gain and difficulty in losing weight
- Ace, oily skin, dandruff
- Excessive hair on the face, chest, back
- Thinning of hair
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
Weight loss may be the best medicine.
Obesity doesn’t cause PCOS in women, but there’s a significant overlap between the two conditions. The theory is that obesity contributes to insulin resistance, which boosts androgen levels and can make PCOS symptoms worse. “Even losing 5% of body weight will have an impact on a woman’s whole metabolic profile.So if you’re currently at 200 pounds, losing just 10 could significantly reduce your symptoms and help you get pregnant.