Gestational diabetes is a condition characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels that is first recognized during pregnancy. The condition occurs in approximately 4% of all pregnancies. Diabetes can affect the developing fetus throughout the pregnancy.
In early pregnancy, a mother’s diabetes can result in birth defects and an increased rate of miscarriage. Many of the birth defects that occur affect major organs such as the brain and heart. During the second and third trimester, a mother’s diabetes can lead to over-nutrition and excess growth of the baby. Having a large baby increases risks during labor and delivery. In addition, when high blood sugar from the mother causes high insulin levels (hyperinsulinemia) in the baby, the baby’s blood sugar can drop very low after birth, because it won’t be receiving the high blood sugar.
In this videos doctors explain about the causes symptoms and risks of Gestational Diabetes in detail.